National Water Quality Month Tips to Celebrate

National Water Quality Month takes place every August. As a leading provider of water services throughout the Guilford, CT area, we can’t help but give you some tips to help celebrate. It’s important to protect your water quality so your family has the best, cleanest, and safest water they can. And, if you’re a business owner, water quality is important to ensure your patrons safety. So, in honor of National Water Quality Month, we’re giving you our best tips to improve the safety and quality of your water!

What Is National Water Quality Month?

National Water Quality Month is an opportunity to educate the community on the importance of ensuring your water is clean and safe. Almost everything we care about needs water in some way or another. In fact, water is essential to life. It is part of our survival, health, sanitation, geography, and many other parts.

Chances are you don’t think much about water quality. But there are a lot of reasons why you should. To start, water quality can contribute to the pollution of our local water systems. That means you can be washing with, drinking, or swimming in contaminated water. During National Water Quality Month, we like to take the time to let our clients know the importance of water quality. Believe it or not, there are many ways you can test your water quality and easy ways to improve it.

Tips on How to Improve Your Water Quality

Whether you use city water or well water, it is important you get advice on how to improve the quality of your water. Luckily, city water supplies are required to be regularly tested and proven clean according to the EPA. But, private water supplies do not need to follow the same standards.

Just because the EPA does not require you follow the standards of clean water, doesn’t mean you shouldn’t want to for the safety of those using the water supply in your home. Here are some great tips on how to improve the quality of your water and prevent the harm of contaminated water.

Watch What You Put Down the Drain

Just because your drains can be used as a way to dispose of waste doesn’t mean they should be used for all types of waste. It’s crucial that you understand what types of things should be kept out of your drains. That’s why we take time during National Water Quality Month to point out that things like harsh chemicals, grease, and prescription medications shouldn’t be put down the drain.

When items like these are put down the drain, there is a chance they can get into your water supply. Other things that you should avoid putting down the drain are:

  • Oils, fats, and other greasy foods
  • Chemical cleaners
  • Pool chemicals
  • Animal waste
  • Paint
  • Vehicle fluids
  • Pesticides, fertilizers, and insecticides

These type of materials should not be flushed down toilets, rinsed down your sink, or disposed of in your bathtub. In addition to that, you should be mindful of what goes down the storm drain when you have control over it. Storm drains should be strictly reserved for storm water. Unfortunately, many people use them to dispose of waste.

You can reduce storm water runoff and avoid pollution by following these proper practices:

  • Be sure all your outdoor downspouts are pointed towards all contaminated areas.
  • Add soil beds, gardens, mulch, and gravel where you can throughout your hard.
  • Sweep up any surfaces you can instead of using a hose to clean them.
  • Clean up oil spills when they happen.
  • Frequently sweep your driveways and walkways.
  • Pick up any garbage or pet waste when you see it.
  • Remove debris from your gutters and their downspouts every three months.
  • Clear sidewalks
  • Don’t litter!

Use Proper Irrigation

Watering your lawn and tending to your plants and flowers is important. But, don’t overwater. Excess water can run into your storm drains and bring along the harmful pesticides and fertilizers you use to keep your grass green. If you can, avoid using pesticides. When you do choose a fertilizer, make sure it is phosphorus-free.

Talk to your landscaper or another type of lawn specialist to see how much water your lawn actually needs. You may need a professional to come in and give you the proper irrigation system.

Use a Water Treatment System

Finally, now is a great time to see if you need a water treatment system. With National Water Quality Month giving you the reminders and insight you need, talk to a water specialist to see if your drinking water is free of contaminants and safe for consumption.

Have your water tested annually. If a problem is identified, be sure to work towards a resolution. This way you can have peace of mine that your water is safe, clean, and contaminant free. There is nothing more important than the health of your family.

There you have it! Improving the quality of your water is as easy as changing a few of your regular routines when it comes to drain management, proper irrigation, and the right water treatment system. In honor of National Water Quality Month, take some time to check the quality of your water and take the necessary steps to keep your water at its best.

Water Quality and Why It’s Important to Humans

Water quality is an important topic of discussion when it comes to your overall health. Water is essential to life. We all know this and have probably heard the statement more times than we can count. But, how many times have you stopped while drinking a glass of water and wondered if the water you are drinking is safe for consumption? Probably not many! The truth is that while we don’t think about it as often as we should, water quality is something we should all be thinking about regularly.

Why? Because poor water quality can negatively impact our overall health. Have you ever been sick and had no indication what the cause of your illness was? Water pollution can cause major health problems that can lead to serious illness. The chance of getting sick from polluted water is extremely high. That’s why you should worry about your drinking water quality and take the necessary steps to make sure your water is safe.

Let’s look at the most common causes of concern for your water quality and how you can prevent illness, improve your drinking water quality, and ensure your entire family is safe from harmful water pollution.

How Does Water Quality Affect Our Health?

Water is the most abundant substance on the planet. The Earth is made up of more water than it is land, and our bodies work the same way. We don’t only require water to survive, we, as humans, are made up primarily of water. So, it’s no surprise that our water quality can greatly impact our overall health.

As more and more sources of fresh water are damaged and destroyed by water pollution, the effect of poor water quality on humans continues to rise. So, what causes our water to become contaminated? And, how can we help make positive changes with our water supply to prevent disease, illness, and even death?

There are several sources of contamination that can impact your water quality. They are:

  1. Pesticides. These are the most common pollutants that affect our water supply. Pesticides are used everywhere to keep our grass growing and green and harvest many plants. Just think about all the beautiful green lawns you pass on a daily basis. Residential lawns, golf courses, and farms are a common source of pesticides. When these pesticides runoff their original source from rainfall, they seep into the soil and pollute groundwater. They can even sometimes run directly into surface water supplies. Depending on the type of chemicals used, pesticides can cause a major impact on your health. From skin rashes and allergic reactions to digestive issues, cardiac arrest, and even death, pesticides are dangerous when they come into contact with our water.
  2. Nutrients. Although you may think nutrients are something that should improve your health, certain types of nutrients can be dangerous in large quantities. Agriculture, fertilizer, and pesticides can lead to a dangerous overabundance of nutrients. Their impact can range from upset stomach to death. And since younger children are still developing, they face an increase risk when it comes to nutrient contamination.
  3. Sewage and Septic Systems. This is probably not a surprise but a major source of poor water quality is from contamination from sewage and septic systems. If human waste seeps into nearby soil, it can lead to groundwater contamination. This can lead to serious illness such as hepatitis and dysentery. Bacteria like E. coli can be present in your water from this type of contamination. Water contaminated with this type of pollution can be deadly to consume, especially when it comes to elderly persons or children and infants.
  4. Arsenic. This well-known water contaminant is widely known as poison. Even in small amounts, consuming arsenic can be deadly. Because arsenic is naturally present in groundwater, it often leaks into well water supplies and affects the water quality from that source. In moderate amounts, arsenic can lead to problems with the digestive system. In high amounts, arsenic can be poisonous and lead to organ failure and death. When touching the skin, it can also cause welts and lesions.
  5. Lead. Lead poisoning should be no new topic for your knowledge base. You may have heard of the negative effects of lead poisoning from lead paint or lead based pencils. When lead is present in water, it can cause a lot of health problems. Lead enters water supply from products such as lead paint, lead pipes, and lead fittings that were used years ago before its negative impact was realized. Consuming water that has lead traces can lead to lead poisoning. While lead poisoning is more common in children than adults, continue exposure can affect adults as well. Common symptoms of lead in water are headaches, nausea, memory problems, confusion, anemia, kidney issues, and in serious cases, death.
  6. Fluoride. It is common to have some fluoride in your water supply. In some city water supplies, fluoride is added because it is good for your teeth and bones. Too much fluoride consumption, however, can be damaging and even deadly. Because of the potential danger of fluoride when it comes to water quality, fluoride levels should be monitored in your water supply. Too much fluoride can lead to bones damage, inflamed joints, kidney damage, and even neurological issues in children.
  7. Bacteria. Even the most highly monitored water supplies can have some bacteria present. While some bacteria will not greatly affect your water quality, presence of the wrong type of bacteria can be a major issue. Bacteria can come from anywhere. Water itself can grow bacteria if it is stagnant and kept at a certain temperature. When debris exists in your water supply, however, the chances of bacteria doubles. The effects of bacteria filled water can range from a simple cold to serious illness and death.
  8. Nitrates. Nitrates are a natural waste that come from humans and animals. Natural fertilizers and compost are two examples that use nitrates and can lead to water contamination from runoff. While nitrates are potentially harmful to humans, they are especially harmful to young children. Babies who are exposed to too many nitrates can experience a condition called blue baby syndrome that prevents oxygen from moving freely through their bloodstream. This condition can lead to death and serious, permanent damage in your children.
  9. Salt. Sounds like a crazy example of something that can negatively impact your water quality, but too much salt can be dangerous. One of the most common causes of excess salt buildup in our water supplies is from the salt used during winter to keep roads from getting too slippery. The runoff of products like these can lead groundwater to become contaminated. While too much salt in your water supply is not deadly, it can cause health problems such as high cholesterol, diabetes, and other conditions.

Water Safety Tips

Now that you have learned how contaminants can affect water quality and impact your health, here are some great tips to keep your water safe.

  • Check your local Consumer Confidence Report. This provides information about public water supplies in your area. This report is available to the public and will give you insight on the potential issues found in your water supply if you use a public source.
  • If you do not use city water, call a professional water specialist to talk about having your water tested. Annual water testing is the best way to find even the smallest amounts of contaminants in your water.
  • If your water is emitting a strange taste, odor, or color, get in touch with someone right away. If you are on city water, call your local water company and report the problem. If you are a well water user, call your water professionals to have a test run.
  • Carefully follow any boil water advisories that are released in your area.
  • If you think you have become ill from contaminated water, contact your medical provider immediately. If symptoms are severe, head to the emergency room or call 9-1-1 right away. In some cases, you will need prescription medication to treat the potential effects of contaminated water on your body.
  • If you do not show symptoms of illness, but think you have consumed contaminated water, contact your doctor as soon as possible. Even if you aren’t showing signs, there may be an underlying health condition brewing that your doctor can prevent from becoming a major problem.

Your water quality should be at its best! Now that you understand all the potential health issues that can be associated with the consumption of contaminated water, you have the knowledge needed to ensure you are always drinking the highest quality water. Because water is essential to life, and your loved ones are your life, be sure your water supply is delivering the water quality your entire family deserves.

What Are The Types Of Contaminants That A High Quality Well Water Filter Can Remove?


A significant number of people depend on the use of well water, since it’s usually very cheap and also easy to find. However, if you intend to use this type of water for human consumption, it would also be advisable for you to invest in a well water filtration system as well. There are many things that could contaminate well water depending on your location, and it would be important for you to make sure that you get rid of most of them to make the water less likely to cause harm to you. Some of the contaminants that an ideal filtration system should be able to get rid of include:

Contaminants can change the taste and odor of the water

In some areas, there might be contaminants in the water that result in a change in the way the water tastes and smells. Of course, in such cases, you will find it very difficult to use the water for drinking and even for cooking. The filters that are most ideal for getting rid of such contaminants are the ones that have granular activated charcoal. This is a substance that absorbs all the particles that are responsible for a change in the taste and smell of the water, giving it a more natural taste and smell.



Many of the rocks in the earth’s crust contain a large amount of iron. When this is exposed to enough water and oxygen, it tends to rust and then mix with the water coursing through the rock. If your well water has too much rust, this will manifest as a red deposit on surfaces such as in bath tubs and toilets. These types of stains are usually difficult to remove, and also unsightly. A high quality filter will be able to remove such particles. Using a water softener also helps in this as well.


There are many sources of microbes in water that is gotten from a well. They could be from the surrounding rock, from effluent that seeps from surrounding waste disposal units and from surface water that transports the bacteria into the well water. There are some filters that can get rid of some types of bacteria, parasite and their eggs. However, just to be sure, you should make sure that all well water is boiled before use as well.


This is one of the most important toxins in the world. It is responsible for various effects including a degradation of central nervous system function as well as cardiac problems. One of the major problems with lead toxicity is that when the lead salts are dissolved in water, it’s usually impossible to know that they are there by tasting or looking at the water. To remove it, you could use a dedicated lead filter, or use a well water filter that has lead-removing properties.

In summary, there are many things that are likely to contaminate water that you get from a well. Using a high quality certified well water filter is one of the most effective ways of getting rid of them.

Which Are The Common Well Water Filters And How Do They Work?


Well water is often billed as a cheap and easy way to get drinking water in a home or commercial setting. However, the fact that the water is from a ground source means that you will need to have it filtered and cleaned before you can make it safe for human consumption. The typical way of doing this is by running it through some sort of filter that will get rid of all the material that you don’t want the water to have. The commonest of these include elements such as manganese and iron, microbes and sediment. Some of the commonest filter materials that can be used to purify such water include:

Granular activated carbon

This is also known as activated charcoal. In essence, it is a form of coal that has been treated and ground such that it can absorb particles from the water. The fact that it’s grounded to a coarse powder gives it a huge surface area, which then allows it to get rid of a large amount of such compounds in the water in a shorter amount of time. Some of the contaminants that are most easily removed by this filter material include chlorine, hydrogen sulfide, iron and manganese. In addition to that, it has also been shown to get rid of some organic compounds in water, such as those that might contaminated the well water from surface runoff. If you are interested in buying a filter for your well water, getting one that has granular activated carbon will always be a good idea.

Manganese greensand

This is a filter material that contains a substance known as glauconite. The latter tends to react with metal ions including manganese and water, forcing them to form salts that are then trapped by the filter material. The effect of using this filter material is that it will help get rid of these two ions. The only downside to using it is that you will need to regularly maintain the filter in order to ensure that it keeps working as expected. In addition to that, you also need to realize that it works best when there is a very high concentration of these metals in the water. It is therefore ideal to use manganese greensand when manganese and iron contamination is a major problem.


This is yet another filter material that works to remove excess iron and manganese from the well water. It works by catalyzing a reaction between the manganese or iron with oxygen. This then results in the formation of insoluble compounds that are then trapped by the filter. As is the case with the manganese greensand filter, BIRM also requires constant maintenance to work effectively.

In addition to the use of the various types of filter, one could also consider investing in ion exchange systems. They help to get rid of any ions including calcium that have not been removed by these filters.

In summary, for you to find it easier to use your well water, you will almost always need to use a filter. Choosing the right one depends on the nature of the well water.

What Needs To Be Done To Prepare A Well Drilling Site Adequately?


One of the most important parts of the well drilling process is making sure that the site is adequately prepared for the process. In fact, proper preparation can ensure that well drilling will be uneventful, and might even reduce the overall cost of the project. It is therefore very important that you do as much as you can to do this preparation, particularly if you are interested in drilling the well on your own. If you consult a high quality drilling firm, this is something that you will not need to worry about, since they will do it anyway in order to make it easier for them to complete the project. Some of the most important aspects of such preparation include:

The clearance of vegetation

The presence of too much vegetation around the drilling site can impede the speed of the process. This is particularly true of tall vegetation such as trees. Of course, when you are clearing the vegetation around the site, one should also avoid being overenthusiastic, since they may end up doing too much damage to the environment.

In addition to clearing the vegetation, there may also be a need to level the land in order to make it more suitable for machine use. This is especially so if heavy duty drills are going to be used. These require a firm and flat surface to work optimally.

Creating access roads

There are times when the well has to be drilled in a location that is a bit remote. This is particularly so when you consider the fact that in some parts of the world, there are laws that regulate where such a well can be drilled. For instance, there may be a minimum distance recommended between a main road and the drilling site. In such cases, there might be the need to construct an access road to the site. Remember, in addition to the actual drilling, one may also need to install devices such as pumps at the site. This requires a lot of movement into and out of the site.

Construction of a reserve pit

The most commonly used well drilling method involves using a large volume of fluid that is pumped through the drill bit and then up to the surface again. As it flows to the surface, it usually carries a drill cuttings and other debris. This fluid cannot be deposited into the environment; one needs to make sure that it’s properly disposed of. The construction of a reserve pit allows for this, and even makes it possible to collect this fluid and then recycle it. This makes the whole process a lot more environmentally friendly.

Once these changes are made, it will become a lot easier for the drill operator to carry out the process of creating the well. Some of the benefits of proper site preparation include faster operation times, lower cost and higher chances of success. This makes it more than worth it to spend some time and money making sure that all the above are sorted out.

A Look At The Major Components Of Any Well Water System

Nearly half the population in the United States depends on ground water for drinking water. In order to get such water, the use of a well water system is essential. This simply refers to a system of devices that enable one to get the water from the ground and into the home. Of course, you don’t need to understand the minute details of how such a system works for you to benefit from it. However, having a clear understanding of the various components that make up the system can make it easier to make decisions when you are interested in installing such a system. Some of the basic components of any such system include:

The casing

This is the outer part of the well water system, which is placed in contact with the walls of the drilled well. The function of the casing is to ensure that the wall does not collapse, which can happen when the ground in which the well is drilled is too soft. In addition to that, it also prevents contaminants from the surrounding from accessing the water, which has the potential of making it more dangerous to use. In most parts of the world, there are legal requirements that determine how long such a casing should be. They are usually made of carbon, steel, or plastic.

The cap


The cap is the part that is fitted on top of the well casing. Most people think that any material can work as a well cap, but this is not the case at all. The device used for the cap needs to fit snugly on top of the casing. They are usually made of materials such as aluminum or thermoplastic. The role of the cap is to ensure that the water within the well is protected from any contamination by debris, small animals and even insects that might drop into the casing. In most cases, the casing and the cap should be at least 6 inches off the ground.

Well screens

These are devices that are used to filter water that is entering the well. This way, any excess sediment is prevented from clogging the well. The screens are usually attached at the bottom of the casing. It is important that each well has one of these, since they drastically reduce the maintenance requirements of any well. They also reduce how much you would need to filter the water in order to make it useable. Some of the most popular types of screens include slotted and perforated pipes.

The next time you are interested in installing a well, you should keep in mind that the above are some of the components that are absolutely crucial to the proper functioning of the well. When buying them, you might need to consider the local regulations, since there may be some minimum recommendations you are required to follow in order for the well to be satisfactory. You also need to make sure you use high quality materials, and that the installation be done by a party that has experience in the field.

Exploring The Characteristics Of Common Well Pumps

When you want to construct a well for your personal use, you will often need to make very good decisions regarding the type of pump you choose. This is one of the most critical parts of any well water systems, since it’s the part that conveys the water from the well to the house or other facility. The fact that there are many different types of pumps out there means that before you can make a decision on which one to get, you should have an idea of the broad categories of pumps you can get, as well as the pros and cons of using each. Once this is done, you will be in a better position to determine which one to get. The three broad categories of such pumps include:

Centrifugal pumps


This comprises a single pipe that is dipped into the water column. In order to use it, the pump itself sits on the ground level, and then produces suction that then pulls the water from the borehole or well. One of the major disadvantages of this type of pump is the fact that it can’t suction water to a level of more than 25 feet. This makes it only useful for wells that are shallow, such as water table wells. However, they are usually cheap to install, owing to their simple design and the fact that they only need to be placed around the well on the ground level in order for them to work.

Jet pumps

There are two types of pumps that can be used: the shallow well jet pumps and the deep well jet pumps. The shallow well jet pumps are similar to the centrifugal pumps in that they can only suction water for 25 feet, making them only useful for shallow wells. The shallow well jet pump is also installed on ground level, and is usually easier to use compared to the centrifugal pumps.

Deep well jet pumps are only useful for wells that have a water level more than 25 feet deep. They comprise two pipes that are dipped into the well; one that is used to suction the water and another that conveys water to operate the jet unit. In this case, the jet unit is installed within the borehole, normally below the level of the water.

Submersible pumps

As the name suggests, the submersible pumps are designed to be installed beneath the water level in a well. A small pump can fit a well that has a 3 inch diameter. The most popular pump for domestic use is the 4-inch submersible. They can be used for both shallow and deep wells, and are capable of pumping a lot of water from very deep wells. The choice of what submersible pump to use is often dictated by the depth of the well, as well as how much power one requires from the pump. Some of the most powerful are rated at around 75 horsepower.

For more information about the pros and cons of each type of pump, you can always consult us, your reliable well pump vendor.

Signs Indicating That You Need To Start Looking At New Well Water Pumps


If you depend on private water well for your domestic needs, you will need to be aware of the systems operation to make sure that you have adequate and good quality water. Regular well inspection is essential to resolve any issues that arise with the well system. If you are experiencing problems with your water system, you need to look for signs that the submersible well pump may be failing. You also need to look for any other issues that may be causing trouble and remember that you should always consult a professional well water system company.

You have no water in your home

An obvious sign that your well system has a problem is when there is no water coming from your taps. If you turn on the faucet and you have no water coming out, it is safe to conclude that you have a problem. Several factors can lead to this and they include a problem with the submersible pump. If the pump is not working effectively, you cannot access the water because it has no way of getting out of the well. A new water pump can help to solve the problem.

It is, however, important to note that lack of water can also be due to issues such as a clogged line, a broken pipe or a blown pump house fuse. Make sure that you check the most obvious or the easiest problems first before you decide that it is the submersible pump. If you have a clogged pump, you might not need to replace it. The clogging will interfere with the process, but cleaning it will solve the problem.

You are experiencing poor pressure

If when you turn on the faucet you have water but it comes with low pressure, you need to consider that your submersible pump is not working effectively. When a pump is not running or working at full capacity it can cause water pressure problems because insufficient water is being pumped. You need to invest in a new pump that will function at optimum level.

Before removing the pump, it is a good idea to check for other issues that can be responsible for the same symptom. A common cause of pressure problem is a faulty pressure tank. This equipment helps to keep the pressure constant using an air-filled bladder. It is usually placed in the well house and if it does not work properly, the pressure will drop. You also need to look for leaks in the water pipes or pressure tank. If everything is fine above ground, the submersible pump is the most likely culprit.

The water is running constantly

Another sign that you have a problem is if the pump runs constantly. This is a good sign that the equipment is encountering some serious problems and it can go out at any time. If the submersible pump continues to run without stopping, you could have a bad sensor or shutoff switch. It can also mean that the pump is struggling to get water up to the surface.

If you are experiencing problems or if you have concerns about your well pump, you need to consider getting professional help. Talk to a reputable service provider about a well pump replacement service available and let them guide you on what’s best for your well water system.

Water Quality Protection For Using Well Water

Protecting your drinking water supply is very important and it can help to prevent serious health problems. You have to make sure that the water coming from your well is safe for use. Pollution is a serious problem that affects the quality of well water and you have to make sure that you know how to identify and avoid potential problems. Pollution can come from different sources including rainwater or snowmelt. The runoff picks up pollutants as it moves before depositing them into the water source.

When polluted runoff gets into the well, it can be difficult and costly to clean it up. This means that it is easier to take action to deal with the situation before it becomes a problem. Knowing how to reduce the pollutants and to prevent them from getting into the water source is very important. Following are some steps that can help you to reduce pollution around the home when using well water.

Planning your yard and garden


If you have a well on your property, it is important to plan your garden and yard well to get the best results. Make sure that you choose the right spot for each plant. Native and sustainable plants are able to tolerate the site conditions that are specific to your land. This helps to reduce the need for using inputs like irrigation water, fertilizers and pesticides. It is also a good idea to recycle yard waste such as leaves, grass clippings, and plant prunings that are great for mulch or for compost. Yard waste can become a pollutant when it washes into water sources.

Using fertilizers with care

You need to be responsible when using fertilizers or pesticides in your garden. Make sure that you get soil tests before using the products and use them sparingly or responsibly. If you must use the products, consider using organic fertilizer. If you have pest problems, make sure that you identify the pests and use non-chemical treatment options where possible. It is a good idea to measure the area that you need to treat or fertilize and avoid handling or applying the chemicals near your water well.

Watering the yard and garden

When watering your garden or yard, you need to take measures to ensure that you do this correctly. Measure the weekly rainfall using a rain gauge before making up the difference you need with irrigation. It is recommended that you water the yard during the early morning hours before it gets too hot. A long and slow watering every week is adequate and if you have an inground sprinkler systems make sure that it has a manual control option. Use drip irrigation and low-flow hoses for beds and vegetable gardens.

When working on your landscaping, consider reducing the paved surfaces. This will help to decrease the runoff from your yard. You should also be careful about direct roof runoff that can soak into the ground. Find out the best ways to reduce soil erosion in your yard and garden. You can protect the soil using mulch, perennial vegetative cover, crushed stone or winter cover crops. You can make sure that your water is safe through the simple protective measures.

Effective Well Water Drilling To Fix Low-Yielding Water Wells


The main reason to have a domestic water well is so that you can have a reliable water source. When constructing or drilling a well, the experts have to ensure that they design a well that is capable of yielding the required results. The pumping rate has to be compatible with the household needs in order for it to be effective. This means that knowing the intended use is the first step when it comes to well construction. Well yield is the rate that the well can be pumped all the while making sure that the water remains at the desired level and does not go below the pump intake.

Factors affecting well yield

The well yield will depend on different factors notably the features of the aquifer, the well construction and the well maintenance. These factors are essential to ensure long-term yield sustainability. The features or characteristics of the aquifer vary from highly porous sands to clays that are low yielding and hard rock. Wells that are constructed in materials that are more porous will usually be high-yielding, while those completed in bedrock and clays that are less porous can slow down the groundwater flow.

Optimizing the yield

To get optimum results from the well, it is very important to ensure the right well construction techniques. The movement of water is an important factor when optimizing well yield. The screened part of the well allows water to get into the well while reducing or preventing transport of sand and silt. A screen that is improperly sized or one with slots that are too large or too small can allow sediment in the water to clog the well or grit to cause damage to the pump.

If the submersible pump is too shallow it can draw down the water levels too fast. A pump is required to go on and off repeatedly when the water table falls and rises and this often damages the pump. If the elevations of the water table drop after the well construction, the result is a decline in well yield.

Correcting low yield

There are several options for correcting low well yield. A well that is constructed in aquifers that are low-yielding can benefit from well deepening and lowering of the pump. If you have an open-borehole well, such as that constructed in bedrock, you can experience increased yield if the well is fractured or fracked. The process of hydro-fracking involves sealing some portions of the well in order to increase the pressure inside the borehole causing the rock to fracture. A large number and frequency of the fractures can increase yield.

Well maintenance can help to improve the yield. Surging and scrubbing the well piping and the screen is an efficient way to increase well yield by removing scale formation. An experienced and licensed pump installer will use a pump rig to ensure effective scrubbing. Well surging and scrubbing will help to remove slime, scale and other particles in the well. When you decide to get a well on your property, make sure that you work with professionals who are experienced in well drilling.