What Are The Types Of Contaminants That A High Quality Well Water Filter Can Remove?

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A significant number of people depend on the use of well water, since it’s usually very cheap and also easy to find. However, if you intend to use this type of water for human consumption, it would also be advisable for you to invest in a well water filtration system as well. There are many things that could contaminate well water depending on your location, and it would be important for you to make sure that you get rid of most of them to make the water less likely to cause harm to you. Some of the contaminants that an ideal filtration system should be able to get rid of include:

Contaminants can change the taste and odor of the water

In some areas, there might be contaminants in the water that result in a change in the way the water tastes and smells. Of course, in such cases, you will find it very difficult to use the water for drinking and even for cooking. The filters that are most ideal for getting rid of such contaminants are the ones that have granular activated charcoal. This is a substance that absorbs all the particles that are responsible for a change in the taste and smell of the water, giving it a more natural taste and smell.

Rust

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Many of the rocks in the earth’s crust contain a large amount of iron. When this is exposed to enough water and oxygen, it tends to rust and then mix with the water coursing through the rock. If your well water has too much rust, this will manifest as a red deposit on surfaces such as in bath tubs and toilets. These types of stains are usually difficult to remove, and also unsightly. A high quality filter will be able to remove such particles. Using a water softener also helps in this as well.

Microbes

There are many sources of microbes in water that is gotten from a well. They could be from the surrounding rock, from effluent that seeps from surrounding waste disposal units and from surface water that transports the bacteria into the well water. There are some filters that can get rid of some types of bacteria, parasite and their eggs. However, just to be sure, you should make sure that all well water is boiled before use as well.

Lead

This is one of the most important toxins in the world. It is responsible for various effects including a degradation of central nervous system function as well as cardiac problems. One of the major problems with lead toxicity is that when the lead salts are dissolved in water, it’s usually impossible to know that they are there by tasting or looking at the water. To remove it, you could use a dedicated lead filter, or use a well water filter that has lead-removing properties.

In summary, there are many things that are likely to contaminate water that you get from a well. Using a high quality certified well water filter is one of the most effective ways of getting rid of them.

Which Are The Common Well Water Filters And How Do They Work?

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Well water is often billed as a cheap and easy way to get drinking water in a home or commercial setting. However, the fact that the water is from a ground source means that you will need to have it filtered and cleaned before you can make it safe for human consumption. The typical way of doing this is by running it through some sort of filter that will get rid of all the material that you don’t want the water to have. The commonest of these include elements such as manganese and iron, microbes and sediment. Some of the commonest filter materials that can be used to purify such water include:

Granular activated carbon

This is also known as activated charcoal. In essence, it is a form of coal that has been treated and ground such that it can absorb particles from the water. The fact that it’s grounded to a coarse powder gives it a huge surface area, which then allows it to get rid of a large amount of such compounds in the water in a shorter amount of time. Some of the contaminants that are most easily removed by this filter material include chlorine, hydrogen sulfide, iron and manganese. In addition to that, it has also been shown to get rid of some organic compounds in water, such as those that might contaminated the well water from surface runoff. If you are interested in buying a filter for your well water, getting one that has granular activated carbon will always be a good idea.

Manganese greensand

This is a filter material that contains a substance known as glauconite. The latter tends to react with metal ions including manganese and water, forcing them to form salts that are then trapped by the filter material. The effect of using this filter material is that it will help get rid of these two ions. The only downside to using it is that you will need to regularly maintain the filter in order to ensure that it keeps working as expected. In addition to that, you also need to realize that it works best when there is a very high concentration of these metals in the water. It is therefore ideal to use manganese greensand when manganese and iron contamination is a major problem.

BIRM

This is yet another filter material that works to remove excess iron and manganese from the well water. It works by catalyzing a reaction between the manganese or iron with oxygen. This then results in the formation of insoluble compounds that are then trapped by the filter. As is the case with the manganese greensand filter, BIRM also requires constant maintenance to work effectively.

In addition to the use of the various types of filter, one could also consider investing in ion exchange systems. They help to get rid of any ions including calcium that have not been removed by these filters.

In summary, for you to find it easier to use your well water, you will almost always need to use a filter. Choosing the right one depends on the nature of the well water.

What Needs To Be Done To Prepare A Well Drilling Site Adequately?

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One of the most important parts of the well drilling process is making sure that the site is adequately prepared for the process. In fact, proper preparation can ensure that well drilling will be uneventful, and might even reduce the overall cost of the project. It is therefore very important that you do as much as you can to do this preparation, particularly if you are interested in drilling the well on your own. If you consult a high quality drilling firm, this is something that you will not need to worry about, since they will do it anyway in order to make it easier for them to complete the project. Some of the most important aspects of such preparation include:

The clearance of vegetation

The presence of too much vegetation around the drilling site can impede the speed of the process. This is particularly true of tall vegetation such as trees. Of course, when you are clearing the vegetation around the site, one should also avoid being overenthusiastic, since they may end up doing too much damage to the environment.

In addition to clearing the vegetation, there may also be a need to level the land in order to make it more suitable for machine use. This is especially so if heavy duty drills are going to be used. These require a firm and flat surface to work optimally.

Creating access roads

There are times when the well has to be drilled in a location that is a bit remote. This is particularly so when you consider the fact that in some parts of the world, there are laws that regulate where such a well can be drilled. For instance, there may be a minimum distance recommended between a main road and the drilling site. In such cases, there might be the need to construct an access road to the site. Remember, in addition to the actual drilling, one may also need to install devices such as pumps at the site. This requires a lot of movement into and out of the site.

Construction of a reserve pit

The most commonly used well drilling method involves using a large volume of fluid that is pumped through the drill bit and then up to the surface again. As it flows to the surface, it usually carries a drill cuttings and other debris. This fluid cannot be deposited into the environment; one needs to make sure that it’s properly disposed of. The construction of a reserve pit allows for this, and even makes it possible to collect this fluid and then recycle it. This makes the whole process a lot more environmentally friendly.

Once these changes are made, it will become a lot easier for the drill operator to carry out the process of creating the well. Some of the benefits of proper site preparation include faster operation times, lower cost and higher chances of success. This makes it more than worth it to spend some time and money making sure that all the above are sorted out.

A Look At The Major Components Of Any Well Water System

Nearly half the population in the United States depends on ground water for drinking water. In order to get such water, the use of a well water system is essential. This simply refers to a system of devices that enable one to get the water from the ground and into the home. Of course, you don’t need to understand the minute details of how such a system works for you to benefit from it. However, having a clear understanding of the various components that make up the system can make it easier to make decisions when you are interested in installing such a system. Some of the basic components of any such system include:

The casing

This is the outer part of the well water system, which is placed in contact with the walls of the drilled well. The function of the casing is to ensure that the wall does not collapse, which can happen when the ground in which the well is drilled is too soft. In addition to that, it also prevents contaminants from the surrounding from accessing the water, which has the potential of making it more dangerous to use. In most parts of the world, there are legal requirements that determine how long such a casing should be. They are usually made of carbon, steel, or plastic.

The cap

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The cap is the part that is fitted on top of the well casing. Most people think that any material can work as a well cap, but this is not the case at all. The device used for the cap needs to fit snugly on top of the casing. They are usually made of materials such as aluminum or thermoplastic. The role of the cap is to ensure that the water within the well is protected from any contamination by debris, small animals and even insects that might drop into the casing. In most cases, the casing and the cap should be at least 6 inches off the ground.

Well screens

These are devices that are used to filter water that is entering the well. This way, any excess sediment is prevented from clogging the well. The screens are usually attached at the bottom of the casing. It is important that each well has one of these, since they drastically reduce the maintenance requirements of any well. They also reduce how much you would need to filter the water in order to make it useable. Some of the most popular types of screens include slotted and perforated pipes.

The next time you are interested in installing a well, you should keep in mind that the above are some of the components that are absolutely crucial to the proper functioning of the well. When buying them, you might need to consider the local regulations, since there may be some minimum recommendations you are required to follow in order for the well to be satisfactory. You also need to make sure you use high quality materials, and that the installation be done by a party that has experience in the field.

Exploring The Characteristics Of Common Well Pumps

When you want to construct a well for your personal use, you will often need to make very good decisions regarding the type of pump you choose. This is one of the most critical parts of any well water systems, since it’s the part that conveys the water from the well to the house or other facility. The fact that there are many different types of pumps out there means that before you can make a decision on which one to get, you should have an idea of the broad categories of pumps you can get, as well as the pros and cons of using each. Once this is done, you will be in a better position to determine which one to get. The three broad categories of such pumps include:

Centrifugal pumps

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This comprises a single pipe that is dipped into the water column. In order to use it, the pump itself sits on the ground level, and then produces suction that then pulls the water from the borehole or well. One of the major disadvantages of this type of pump is the fact that it can’t suction water to a level of more than 25 feet. This makes it only useful for wells that are shallow, such as water table wells. However, they are usually cheap to install, owing to their simple design and the fact that they only need to be placed around the well on the ground level in order for them to work.

Jet pumps

There are two types of pumps that can be used: the shallow well jet pumps and the deep well jet pumps. The shallow well jet pumps are similar to the centrifugal pumps in that they can only suction water for 25 feet, making them only useful for shallow wells. The shallow well jet pump is also installed on ground level, and is usually easier to use compared to the centrifugal pumps.

Deep well jet pumps are only useful for wells that have a water level more than 25 feet deep. They comprise two pipes that are dipped into the well; one that is used to suction the water and another that conveys water to operate the jet unit. In this case, the jet unit is installed within the borehole, normally below the level of the water.

Submersible pumps

As the name suggests, the submersible pumps are designed to be installed beneath the water level in a well. A small pump can fit a well that has a 3 inch diameter. The most popular pump for domestic use is the 4-inch submersible. They can be used for both shallow and deep wells, and are capable of pumping a lot of water from very deep wells. The choice of what submersible pump to use is often dictated by the depth of the well, as well as how much power one requires from the pump. Some of the most powerful are rated at around 75 horsepower.

For more information about the pros and cons of each type of pump, you can always consult us, your reliable well pump vendor.