In some states of a country, finding portable water seems to be a hot favorite among certain families. One of their top picks is getting their water supply from their private wells. Gaining access to water sources like the aforementioned are very important to those who constantly live out of town. After searching for a viable spot to build a well, a pump must be inserted on the top to extract the water they need. Here are the top 3 types of well pumps that every private well owner should know about.

Centrifugal pumps


Centrifugal pumps are only used for shallow wells that are no more than 25 feet deep. The aforementioned depth is its effective range to generate enough suction force to lift the water up to the surface. It has only one pipe that is inserted into the well borehole and into the water column. Since they are smaller in size, they cost less and are easy to maintain.

Submersible pumps

Submersible pumps are considered to be the most popular choice for a well pump as they can be used in deep and shallow well operations. Because they are designed to be used as underwater units, their watertight properties ensure that there will be no electrical contact with the water source, as well as the elimination of potential water leakages. Its higher powered suction pumps allow it to transport water for a further distance, thus making it suitable for deep wells.

Jet pumps

This pump comes in two versions, the deep well and shallow well jet pump. A shallow well jet pump basically shares the same properties and function of a submersible pump and its suction length is no more than 25 feet. Its mechanical systems are simpler than its other counterpart, thus little maintenance is needed. If you are budget conscious, this is the version to go for.

Deep well jet pumps are much more powerful than the aforementioned pumps. This time round, there will be two pipes within the well borehole. One pipe is used for suction purposes and the other returns water to operate its jet units. The jet units are installed in the well borehole below water level. The pump forces water down its primary pipe and back up through its secondary pipe; lifting water from more than 50 feet below. The pumps can also be upgraded to lift water up from more 100 feet below.

Include a water storage unit

You should not rely on the pumps by thinking that it is supposed to run continuously. For example, thinking it will activate when you flush a toilet – that’s not always the case. In order to provide undeviating water pressure at fixtures like your toilet, the pump must first transport water to the storage tank. Modern storage tanks have an air bladder that automatically compresses when water is pumped in. Hence, pressure accumulates in the tank and that pressure is used to move water throughout your home’s plumbing system.

Always consult an expert to determine which pump suits your well the best. Make informed decisions so you won’t regret over a wrong purchase in the future.