Quick 4-Step Guide to Determine If a Residential Well Needs Cleaning


To determine whether a residential well needs cleaning, most homeowners will contact a specialist well firm to conduct a dry weather test. These tests, typically around two hours in duration, are used to determine the water quality and water rate production of a well. They are used for real estate transactions as well as for general maintenance purposes. Here are the four tips.

Step #1. Conduct A 2-Hour Production Test

The first step in determining whether a well needs cleaning is to conduct a two-hour production rate test. This uses a water level sensor and a water meter. Pumping a well for two hours allows the operator to determine the condition of the pump equipment, the bladder tank, the electrical system, the plumbing and the filter. The test involves running the well for two hours to determine the production rate of the well. A slow rate could indicate that the well is blocked or dirty and requires cleaning.

Step #2. Check the Water Meter

The water meter is a dial in the water line that measures how many gallons of water are being pumped from the well at any given minute. In conjunction, a floating sensor determines the water level. The idea of a 2-hour test is to draw the water down, determine the production rate and determine the rate at which the well is recharging. A slow rate of recharge could indicate that the well would benefit from a clean.

Step #3. Check The Discharge

Most people let the discharge from the well run into a bucket during the test. This is where you can monitor the clarity of the water and see whether the water is discharging sand. Things that you cannot see in the water should also be tested for. You should conduct a test to check for contaminants such as bacteria, do an arsenic test and check for nitrates and minerals. These tests will measure the hardness of the water, the pH and alkalinity and show the presence of partially dissolved solids such as iron and manganese. These tests will give you an idea of whether the water is potable. A high concentration of particulates could indicate that the water well requires cleaning.

Step #4. Check The Filter

Most home well systems use a filter to sterilize the water. One portion will house a UV light bulb and one will house a cartridge filter that removes heavy minerals and bacteria from the water. There may be dissolved elements in the water but any sand, sediments or particulates should be filtered out. Check the expiry dates on the filter cartridges and look at the condition of the cartridge. A significantly blocked filter could indicate that the well needs cleaning.


According to one supplier of well water filtration systems, regular testing is required to determine the condition of a well. Most homeowners hire specialist firms to conduct regular testing. This ensures that the water remains potable and that nobody who drinks for the well experiences any harmful side effects. What do you think of our four quick tips? What did we miss? If you have a well, let us know how you determine whether it needs to be cleaned!

5 Well Maintenance Tips to Help You Save in the Long Run


Do you have a private water well, borehole or spring on your property? If so, you will be aware that while the water is technically free, water wells can cost a lot of maintain. You must invest in regular water testing, well cleaning, and filter replacement, besides regularly inspecting the condition of the pumps and water storage tanks. Here are five well maintenance tips to help you save in the long run. How many are you guilty of ignoring?

#1. Inspect The Grade Around The Surface Of The Well

You should keep a copy of your well log handy at all times. The contractor who built the well will have filed the original log with your state. The well log contains all the relevant information about the particulars of your well such as the materials from which is was constructed, its depth and even information about the type of grout used. In maintenance terms, the biggest source of degradation comes from surface water. This can cause the grade around the well to deteriorate over time and potentially cause cracks and leaks that are expensive to repair. To save in the long run, you should regularly check the grade around the well to ensure that it is diverting surface water away from the well.

#2. Check The Condition Of The Well Seal

Once you have checked the grade, you should check the upper terminal of the well casing. This should be capped with a commercial, sanitary well seal. Old, cracked or broken well seals will allow surface water to enter your well. This contaminates the water, leading to costly purification and chlorination. Broken seals also contribute to the sides of the well deteriorating. You must periodically check and replace the well seal to ensure that it is in good condition. Replace the seal as soon as it shows signs of aging. This is a cheap maintenance tip that will save you a lot of money in the long run.

#3. Caulk Or Re-caulk Any Electrical Cables Passing Through The Seal

While the well seal may be in a good condition, airborne contamination can still occur. This type of contamination is expensive to fix as it may lead to your well requiring cleaning. A prime source of contamination can be the points where electrical cables pass through the seals. The gaps around these cables should be caulked. You must periodically inspect this caulking. It can easily crack, chip or come loose as you open and close the well seal. Consider re-caulking these seals if you notice that they have degraded over time.

#4. Seal And Screen All Vents In The Well Seal

To prevent contamination from both airborne pollutants and surface water, you should ensure that the vents in your well seal are turned down and screened. This is a cheap maintenance tip that will save you a huge amount in the long run.

#5. Always Chlorinate Any Time Your Remove The Well Seal

Although chlorinating the water is a hassle, it is cheap insurance against future problems. Make this a priority every time you remove the well seal. Chlorinating the water will help prevent issues with the sides of the well and the filtration system.


So, there you go – five easy ways to maintain your well that will save you money in the long run. For more, contact your local well contractor or visit the website of the National Ground Water Association for more tips. Leave us a comment below about your favorite well maintenance tips!

Understanding What a Well Log Is and How It Can Help

Do you have a water well, borehole or spring on your property? If so, keeping a detailed well log is essential. This article explains what a well log is and how it can help. These tips will prove invaluable to any homeowner with a water well.

What Is A Well Log?


A well log is a document containing information about a particular residential well, borehole or spring. It contains the history of the well and includes details regarding the nature of the ground surrounding it. Every well should have a well log. The contractor who builds the well is responsible for creating a well log. The original log is filed with the state government. Homeowners who have wells should also keep a copy of the well log. This helps with various issues such as cleaning the well, maintaining it and checking details. When the property on which the well is located changes hands, checking the well will be an essential part of the real estate contraction. Prior to the sale going through, a well contractor will verify the condition of the well and refer to the well log.

What Do Well Logs Contain?

Well logs, sometimes called drilling reports or water well records in some states, all contain the same basic information. All well logs contain a unique well reference number, the owner’s address, the location of the well and the construction and contractor details. This helps anyone who sees the document to verify where the well is located on topographic maps and ascertain who was responsible for drilling it. The log also details physical measurements of the well such as the depth and any geographical formations in close proximity to the well such as the type of rock.

How Can Well Logs Help?

Well logs are not optional. All well owners should keep a copy of the log at all times but the original log will be filed with the state in which the well is located. Logs help when cleaning the well, maintaining the quality of the water and in real estate transactions. Every time a property containing a water well changes hands, the well log should be referred to and verified. For example, a well contractor will need to know how the well was constructed such as the type of casing used in the well and the type of grout used in the construction process. This information is critical, as the contractor must not use any chemicals of techniques that cause damage to this tubular, watertight structure. All relevant details will be listed on the well log.

Where Can I Get More Information?

We hope that this brief article outlines what a well log is, what information it contains and why it is essential to the smooth running of a private water well. If you own a water well and would like more information, contact your local well contractor or visit the website of the National Ground Water Association. Leave us a comment or question below and subscribe to this blog for more useful information.

Essential 4-Step Guide to Fighting Summer Well Water Droughts


Wells are not the magic bullet solution to hosepipe bans than many people believe. Droughts still affect residential water wells leaving homeowners will less water than they are used to. The reasons behind droughts are largely man made. Shockingly, the quantity of water needed to run a sprinkler for an hour is enough to supply two families of four for a day. This should give you some idea as to why even water wells suffer from droughts. Here is your essential four-step guide to fighting summer well water droughts.

Step #1. Conduct Regular Testing

Most houses in Connecticut are built on layers of water-storing rock such as chalk or limestone which can be utilized for drilling wells. Many homeowners commission private wells and boreholes, effectively creating their own private water supplies. This is possible without a license provided that no more than 4,000 gallons a day are pumped up. One of the best ways to fight a summer drought is to have your well regularly tested. Specialist well companies offer two-hour tests where they let the water run and monitor the drawdown rate. They check to see how many gallons per hour the well provides and use a floating water level monitor to determine how quickly the well replenishes. Low readings may indicate that the well requires cleaning. Regular cleaning will ensure that the well is replenishing at its maximum rate, helping you to beat the summer drought.

Step #2. Maintain Or Upgrade Your Pumps

Without adequate pumps, no water is coming out of your well. Poorly maintained pumps will reduce the rate at which you can fill your storage tanks. Therefore, the second best way to fight summer well water droughts is to maintain your water pumps. This lets you get water at the maximum feasible rate, as and when required. You obviously won’t always need it, but it will be useful to have. If your pumps are underpowered, you may consider replacing them.

Step #3. Increase Your Water Storage Provisions

Droughts inevitably mean that your well will not replenish itself with water at a normal rate. No matter how well maintained your pumps are, they cannot pump if there is no water. Accordingly, at times of the years when you can pump water at a slower rate, you will need to store adequate supplies of potable water for your home and grounds. If you presently have no tanks, or your current tanks proved inadequate during previous droughts, this means investing new storage tanks.

Step #4. Keep Your Options Open

The U.S. EPA warns that taking water from the groundwater supply affects everyone, since it is the same water that maintains reservoirs, rivers and aquifers used by the state water suppliers. There is a significant chance that private wells, boreholes and springs will dry during the same time that hosepipe bans are implemented. Concordantly, the best protection for fighting summer well water droughts is to maintain a mains water supply. This enables you to switch over to the public water supply when your well dries up.


This four-step guide to fighting summer well water droughts should help any homeowner with a residential well. What do you think of our tips? What did we miss? Let us know in the comments below!

3 Reasons Why Setting Up a Well Water System is The Best Decision a Homeowner Can Make

Did you find this blog because you are searching for information about well water systems? If so, you may be unsure of the benefits that such an investment can bring. In fact, setting up a well is one of the best decisions a homeowner can make. Here are the top three reasons to consider drilling a well on your property. How many had you considered?

#1. Well Water Systems Can Give You Access To High Quality Water


You may have heard that certain ‘bad’ areas exist where wells cannot be drilled. This is false. Well designed and constructed well water systems can provide consistent high quality water. Most systems use a process called well chlorination to kill bacteria. Homeowner use regular water analysis to ensure the quality of the water produced by the well. Water wells are one of the best investments any homeowner can make as they provide fresh, clean water with no added chemicals. Unlike tap water, well water contains no added fluoride and is incredibly pure and clean when filtered correctly.

#2. No More Hosepipe Bans

One of the best reasons to invest in a well on your property is that you can become fully self-sufficient for your water needs. While few homeowners actually disconnect from their mains water provider, this is a possibility. Most homes with water wells keep their mains water connected and use the well system to provide potable water. Some homes start to rely exclusively on the well system and use pressure tanks to store water. Whichever route you choose, you have to option to access fresh water at any time, even during hosepipe bans. This has far more benefits than simply allowing you to wash your car. As you can water the plants and flowers in your garden with your own water, you stand to save thousands of dollars not have to replace plants that die during droughts.

#3. Add Value To Your Home

According to one firm supplying well water filtration systems, investing in a well can increase the value of your home. Wells aren’t without their share of maintenance. The ongoing services of specialist well companies will be required to ensure that the water remains potable and that the equipment is in good working order. Periodic well water tests are required. Despite this, water wells are a sound investment that can be attractive to potential buyers. If and when you come to sell your home, listing a water well as a feature will be highly appealing to buyers. According to the National Ground Water Association, residential wells are a key attribute that attract many buyers. The value that well systems will add to your property far exceeds the initial cost of the equipment.


These three reasons explain why setting up a well water system is one of the best decisions a homeowner can make. Wells give homeowners their own independent supply of clean water all year round and can boost the value of their homes. What do you think of the advice given in this article? Do you have a well? Let us know and leave us a comment below!