How To Tell That Your Well Water Has A Water Quality Issue

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If you have a well on your property, you can consider yourself very fortunate at a time when water shortages are becoming common. The serious droughts that have been experienced in recent years have led people to look for alternative sources for their water needs. If you have a well water system and you have been wondering if the water you are consuming is safe, the good news is that there are ways to find out. A simple water test will help to give you the peace of mind that you need.

Signs to look out for

If you are worried about the water quality in your home, there must be a reason for this. Chances are that by the time you call in the experts, you suspect that you might have a problem. The fact is that your senses can tell you if all is not right. Long before you reach for the instruments, the taste, smell, look and touch can often help you to determine if your water contains contaminants. It is usually quite easy to know if there is a problem with your water.

Spot the problem

If your water has a yellow, orange, brown, red or cloudy appearance, it is safe to say that you have a problem in your hands. This can signal the presence of rust, iron or other contaminants that can usually be traced to the plumbing or water mains system. If your water has a green or blue hue it can mean that your plumbing is corroded thereby causing copper to get into your water. Good quality water should always be colorless and clear.

Smell the problem

If your water emits a rotten eggs odor, this is a good sign that you have a situation with hydrogen sulfide. This problem is usually caused by some type of bacteria and the water is usually salty-tasting. If the water smells more like pool water than drinking water, you have chlorine to blame for it. In some cases, chlorine is applied to water to disinfect it. If too much chlorine is used, you will not want to drink that water. Fortunately, there are other ways to treat drinking water that do not involve using chlorine.

Seeking solutions

It is one thing to know that you have a problem, but another to get the solution. Fortunately, that is where the experts come in. When you spot water contamination; you need to call in the professionals so that you can get a solution that is tailored to your needs. Dealing with water contamination can be a complex problem but fortunately, there are treatment and filtration systems that work effectively. The experts will use the test results to recommend the best system for you.

A number of chemicals such as mercury, copper, lead, iron or arsenic, can get into the well system. When this happens, your water will have a metallic taste or smell. These chemicals could be from the pipes and in this case, you will need to have the pipes replaced. Quality water is odorless and it should taste refreshing. This is not always simple especially when dealing with well water. Sometimes, water can contain undetected problems. Therefore, it is important to get regular water testing to make sure that your water is safe at all times.

Getting Custom Solutions For Your Well Water Filtration Needs

If you have a water well as your primary water source, you need to make sure that your water is safe for use. An effective well water filtration system will help to ensure that your water is free of contaminants. The only way to determine the best filtration or purification system for your well is by getting well water testing. It is important to know that the physical characteristics of water and any contaminants it has will depend on the area and what happens on the land surrounding the well.

Well water testing

When you approach an expert about your well water filtration needs, the first thing they recommend should be testing. You should avoid dealing with anyone who is willing to sell you a filtration system without recommending testing or asking for water testing results. You can get all the information that you need about well water tests and the different water testing kits available. If you have already tested the water, you need to have the results with you when looking for a filtration system.

Get custom solutions

The results of your well water test come in handy when coming up with a custom solution. The well systems are custom assembled and they depend on the contaminants in the well water. There are different systems and they range from simple pieces to complex equipment. You can get exactly what you need to solve your well water problems and ensure that you have healthy water. When you work with a good company, you will not have to worry about spending more than you need for the best solution. The solution that works for one well owner will not necessarily work for the next.

Buy quality equipment

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If you have specific well water filtration issues that you need to solve, you can get the best equipment to suit your needs. High quality systems remove manganese, iron, herbicides and hydrogen sulfide odors. You can even get systems that neutralize acid water through raising the pH as well as those that use Ultra Violet light to deal with bacterial contamination. There are well water filtration systems that remove mercury, arsenic, fluoride and nitrates among other contaminants. Talk to the experts about the best equipment for your specific needs.

Using natural methods

There are well water filtration systems that use natural methods to get rid of contaminants. If you want an eco-friendly system for your well, talk to the experts about the product details and specifications. Your well test results will determine whether the methods will be effective as well as what it will cost you. It is a good idea to talk to a company that has the right equipment as well as the necessary technical support to provide the best system to meet your needs.

Make sure that you work with a reputable service provider so that you can get all the help that you need. Water is very important for life and it is vital to ensure that the water that you are consuming is safe for you and your family.

Common Well Water Pump Problems And How To Deal With Them

Well water pumps have become one of the most important accessories in any well. They make it possible to retrieve the water without much of a hassle, and can also have the water sent to your house for ease of use. The alternative to using wells is having a bucket and rope type of system to get the water from the well, which can be time consuming and impractical.

When you buy the water well, you will obviously want it to last as long as possible and give you minimal problems. Some of the ways of guaranteeing this include choosing the right type of pump (such as a shallow well pump when the water level is less than 25 feet from the ground) as well as picking the right type of brand. In addition to that, it might also be necessary to do regular maintenance on the pump.

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Failing to do some of these might result in an increase in the rate of pump failure. Some of the common problems that lead to failure include:

Short circuits

The wire leading to the pumps might short circuit, and this could lead to a failure of operation. This is usually the result of poor build quality, but improper installation can also result in this. One of the ways of checking for a short circuit is by using a multimeter, which will show very little resistance between the two wires when there is a short circuit between them. Some people might find it easy to troubleshoot the exact spot at which the short is occurring, but you are better off getting the relevant electrician or pump expert to solve the problem for you.

Clogging

If your pump starts to fail, it could also be the result of some of its piping becoming clogged. This is common when mud and other debris gets into the pipes. This type of failure is often sudden, but sometimes the clogging can occur over time and may initially be unnoticeable. Either way, you will need to find the point at which the clog has taken place, and then remove it. It is also important to explore some of the ways of preventing clogging, including using a mesh to cover the end of the pipe that is under water. This will prevent any solids from getting into the pump, and will make it easier to solve clogging problems since they will always be at the end of the pipe. Proper pump installation is important in preventing the problem from occurring.

Leakage

If you notice water pressure in your home’s plumbing reducing or noticing that your pump suddenly has to work harder, it could be due to the presence of a leak within the pump. The valves and other piping in the pump are vulnerable to this particularly if they are not well made. Ignoring the problem tends to result in complications such as the rest of the pump failing, and also noticing that it needs more fuel or power to run. This is a problem that should be sorted out by a pump specialist.

All in all, using high quality equipment and installing it using a quality skilled service is the best way to safeguard yourself against all these problems.

Using Well Water: Quick Tips For First Time Users

Today, drilling a well is one of the cheapest ways to get water, since the only major cost involved in doing so is the cost of drilling the well in the first place. Once this is done, however, you can enjoy the water at relatively low cost. However, there are a few issues that one needs to remember when using well water, since they determine how the water should be used for the best effect possible. For instance, if you are interested in using the water for domestic purposes such as cooking, drinking and hygiene, some of the tips you should remember include:

The water is likely to be hard

Well water is usually one of the hardest types known, since it seeps through a lot of rock and in the process absorbs some minerals from them. Science shows that a bit of minerals in the water is actually good for one’s health. For instance, the presence of calcium salts in the water has a modest effect in improving bone health. However, having too much mineral in the water has side effects as well, including the staining of containers in which the water is boiled. Using a filtration system that can get rid of the minerals is encouraged to reduce this effect.

Beware of contamination

By far, the commonest contaminant for underground water is fecal material from animals and human beings. Some of the signs that the water could be contaminated include episodes of diarrhea and generalized illness in the people who take the water. Remember, the water might look clean even though it has bacteria in it.

If you intend to use the water for domestic consumption, make sure that it’s boiled and filtered before use. Also, ensure that the well is sited far from facilities such as outhouses that might contaminate it. It might be necessary to line the well to prevent any environmental contamination as well.

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You will need to maintain the well from time to time

Most people think that since the wells contain water, it’s not necessary to clean them. However, you would need to clean the water every so often to make sure that it stays clean. Professional well experts can do this sort of maintenance for you and also provide a schedule on how frequently you should do it depending on the circumstances prevailing. In an industrial setting, for instance, the maintenance might need to be done more regularly.

If possible, test the water

For the purposes of health, some authorities recommend that the water be tested every so often. For instance, you could get a sample of the water every month or so, and have it tested for coliforms and other contaminants. Doing this regularly will give you an idea of when the levels of bacteria or other toxins in the water starts rising, and can also prompt you to diagnose the issue as well.

By following these tips, you are likely to find it much easier to use the well for domestic use with confidence!

Drilling A Water Well: What Does It Really Take?

What does it take to drill a well? This is a question that should definitely be thought through when you are interested in setting one up in your property. Taking anything for granted when in this position is likely to result in a massive waste of resources, since you are likely to end up having to do it multiple times before getting it right. Proper planning will allow you to sink a well in the right spot and not have to deal with any consequences later on. This is therefore one of the most important parts of the process. Some of the things you can expect to go through at this stage include:

Finding out if you need any permits

In most parts of the world, you will need some sort of permit before drilling a well. The reason for this is that in some cases, there are environmental consequences to doing so. Simply drilling a well without getting the right permits set you up for future legal action, which can sometimes be very expensive to deal with. As soon as you realize that you will need a well, find out whether or not a permit is needed (which depends on your locality) and apply for it before doing anything else.

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Understand what it entails

How is the drilling done? It’s important that you understand this, even if for the sole purpose of knowing what to expect once you start the process. Usually, drilling a well means sinking a pipe into the ground, until it reaches a water table. A pump can then be used to get the water out of the ground. This already tells you a couple of things: you will need special pipes to do the job, and you may also need to invest in a pump for this as well.

The location of a well

This is never arbitrarily decided. Some of the factors that influence the probable location of the well include:

• The presence of any underground contaminants: Facilities such as sewers have the potential to contaminate the water in the wells. Making sure that the well is drilled away from such sources is important in preventing such problems.

• The nature of the ground: Ideally, the well should be drilled in a part of the ground that has the softest earth possible. If a survey is possible, it should be done to find out parts of the ground that do not have too much rock in them.

• Your local regulations: In some parts of the world, you might not be allowed to drill wells when a few circumstances are not met, such as when there are too many wells in that region. In such cases, it might be necessary to find a more distant location to drill one.

These are just some of the variables that need to be understood before sinking a well. Consulting a quality well expert is often necessary to ensure that all the above are done with minimal problems, since they can rely on their skill and experience to make sound decisions.

Tips To Make Your Well Water System More Reliable

In many homes around the world, wells represent an excellent source of water that can be used for both domestic and commercial purposes. However, one of the problems that many people face with them is having systems that are prone to problems such as contamination and lack of reliability. Such problems can be mitigated by simply making sure that the wells are built to code from the word go. There are a few tips that can also be used to during the regular maintenance of such wells to ensure that they function as expected. Some of these include:

Keeping contaminants away from the system

Irrespective of the reason why the well is in place, having too many contaminants in the water can result in problems for you in the long term. For instance, if there are poisons stored around the well and they happen to seep into the water, this could cause health problems and even lawsuits from the people who use the water. The design of any well water system should be such that the risk of such an occurrence will be minimal. In addition to storing dangerous contaminants away from the system, the latter should also be constructed to resist any contamination should it occur.

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Preventing any back-siphonage

A common way in which contaminants can contaminate water in a well is when the pipes admit them, allowing retrograde flow of material into the tank. This can lead to contamination of all the water within the well. In order to avoid this, the systems should be designed in such a manner that they can prevent the back flow of such material. A simple way to do it is by using valves in the piping to allow water to flow in one direction only.

Wells should not be neglected totally

From time to time, you will find that you have to stop using a particular well and start using another one that is close by. When doing this, you should keep in mind that both of them are likely to have access to the same water table. This means that once you stop using a particular well, you should have it sealed thoroughly. Simply neglecting it could lead to some of the environmental contaminants seeping through the old well, and then contaminating the water that is left in it. Since the water table is shared by all the wells around, this could spread the contamination to all the other surrounding wells.

Don’t forget water conservation

Just because the water is coming from underground does not mean that it should be wasted. Putting in place measures to reduce wastage can actually save time and money in the long run, and so should be taken seriously. Some of the simple ways of doing this include checking the piping regularly for any leakage, and also installing the well with water conservation in mind. Keeping the well covered at all times will also reduce waste due to evaporation.

If you put in the effort to observe the above mentioned tips, you can be sure that your well water system is likely to be more reliable and safer for usage.

Why You Should Soften Well Water Before Using It

Drilling a well in your property is a good way to get a reliable source of water for your domestic needs. However, one of the problems that most people in this position encounter is finding that they have to make an extra effort to make sure that the water is suitable for human consumption. Understanding the science behind this is important, so that you can then make the right decisions regarding how to go about it. One of the problems you might have to contend with is that most of the time, the water retrieved from a well or borehole will be hard.

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What is hard water?

Hard water is that which contains a large concentration of minerals. When you get water from a well, chances are that it has seeped through a lot of rock. In the process, it might have picked up a large quantity of minerals in the form of salts. Using this type of water has some health benefits depending on the concentration of the minerals in it, but it is also associated with a few disadvantages as well. This is why it’s important to consider softening it.

What are the disadvantages of hard water?

Some of the common problems associated with hard water include:

• Residue deposition: Hard water has a tendency to leave deposits in most of the containers it comes into contact with. This is a function of the concentration of minerals in it; the higher the concentration, the higher the chances of the staining occurring. Some of the ways in which this staining can be noticed including finding that your kettle has some deposit in it. In severe cases, the stains may accumulate in your piping, leading to clogging in the long term. This deposition is usually a consequence of the minerals crystallizing out of the water.

• Doing laundry using hard water also has the potential to make it look dull. This happens even if you use detergents that are designed to retain the colors in the clothing. After washing, you may also notice that the clothes become very stiff, and may even be uncomfortable to wear.

• Hard water has the potential to increase your energy costs. The formation of a lime scale in your boiler could act as a form of insulation, reducing the transmission of energy from the heater to the water.

As you can see, there are many reasons why you should actively try to get rid of the minerals in hard water. One of the most effective ways of going about this is by investing in a high quality filter system. There are some that will only get rid of particulate matter in the water, but better ones can also reduce the concentration of minerals in the water as well. Spending just a little more on such filtration systems will result in a better outcome since you will not have to deal with any of the problems mentioned above. Of course, it would be important to put the filtration system between the well and the home’s plumbing for maximum effect.

What Types Of Water Are Suitable For Consumption?

The age-old question regarding the water sources that are safe and respect the quality standards deeming them suitable for human consumption is still up for debate nowadays. Advocates of public tap water clash with the supporters of privately drilled well. At the same time, there are those who maintain that purified and distilled water constitute the best options. There are, of course, arguments pertaining to each choice. The following guide aims to provide readers with the necessary details required to make an educated choice.

Where does most of the water come from?

At global scale, studies estimate that approximately 30% of the fresh water sources consist of underground streams. Lakes and rivers contain the rest of the fresh water, but it can’t always be safely or inexpensively harvested, filtered and purified. In the United States, public and privately owned water sources are, in an overwhelming 78%, underground streams. Evidently, the remaining 22% of the US’ reserves are the lakes and rivers. So, where does the dispute stem from? The method of extraction and government bodies regulating and upholding the standards of purity.

Tap water

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Flowing from the reservoirs of the municipal water sources and down the pipelines into people’s homes, the quality of the tap water is regulated by the EPA. After passing through the centralized filters and being treated with chemicals considered safe by the government, the pipes hooking up your faucets, heaters, toilets, dishwashers and other appliances deliver it into your house.

While the municipal water supply supporters argue that it’s the safest one to drink because it’s up to code with the EPA standards, in reality the city managers are the ones who decide how often the water delivery and filtration infrastructure is checked and undergoes maintenance.

Well water

It has been said that privately drilled wells are not as safe as the municipal water infrastructure because there is currently no regulatory body testing the purity of the streams. However, it is safe to assume that homeowners who prefer to tap into the local water resources for one reason or another (lower running costs, municipal infrastructure is out of reach, concerns regarding the public water supply, etc.) also ensure that the water is fit for consumption.

This operation involve working with a professional well company, drilling the well according to building codes, installing filtration devices and hooking up the pipelines to home appliances correctly. In spite of the fact that the authorities are not required to verify the purity levels of the private well, it is in the best interest of the homeowner to uphold the quality standards and perform maintenance when it is required.

Purified or distilled water (bottled)

The purification processes pertaining to bottled water imply the removal of all pathogens, chemicals and minerals present in the water. Practices employed deionization, carbon filtrations and/or even reversed osmosis for this purpose. The resulting fluid is considerably purer and high above the requirements instituted by the EPA in this sense, but there is also a downside: minerals are also eliminated from the contents. Considering that drinking water also has the role of ensuring that our daily intake of minerals is on par with the body’s needs, the purification process taken to this extent doesn’t make the water better for you.

What Should You Ask Before Selecting A Water Filter For The Entire House?

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Well water filtration systems come in two categories: whole house and point of entry. The key distinction between them is that the former system involves a single filter installed before the water pipeline diverges to the outlets in your house, whereas the latter features individual filters for every single dispenser.

Opting for a single filter placed at the Point of Entry (POE) entails the water entering your home is already purified. The direct benefit is that the indoor pipeline’s lifespan increases, as the chemicals and minerals can no longer deposit along their span. However, the durability and efficiency of a POE is in direct correlation with selecting one that’s a appropriate for your home. Let’s find out what you need to find out in order to make an informed decision.

What contaminants are prevalent in your water source?

Before you start considering different brands, it’s important to determine the nature of the contaminants that require filtration. For instance, if the water feed comes from the municipal services, then your POE filter should be designed to stop mainly chlorine, chemical residue and hard minerals. Alternatively, when the inline is hooked to a water well, you’ll require a filter that can deal with sediments, harder minerals and iron.

Remember that correctly determining the quantity of contaminants present in the water supply is also important. Establishing whether the contaminant level is low, intermediate or toxic implies taking samples and performing tests on them. Working with a professional retailer who doesn’t just want to sell you the most expensive filtering system is the best way to ensure that the water supply in your household is 100% purified.

What is your household’s combined water flow rate?

Flow rates, measured in gallons per minute (GPM), constitute the quantity of water streaming through each outlet and appliance in the household. This includes the bathtub/shower, faucets, the water heater, toilets, the dishwasher, etc. Selecting a filter that can supply a sufficient water flow to ensure all these dispensers can run simultaneous at consistent rates will prevent issues like low water pressure and extend the lifetime.

Ideally, you should check the information provided by the manufacturer of each appliance. When that is not possible because you are no longer in possession of the documentation, remember that showers typically require between 2.5 GPM and 5 GPM, dishwashers need approximately 5 GPM on average and standard toilets call for 3-4 GPM. The added GPM of the appliances constitutes the necessary flow rate of the water purification filter.

Does the filter you intend to buy have NSF Certification?

Always check if the filter you intend to buy presents the NSF seal of approval. The NSF Certificate represents a guarantee that the materials and craftsmanship are up to code with the modern standards in the field of water filtration systems. Irrespective of whether or not you have chosen a water purification filter designed for the specific contaminants in your water supply and with the correct GPM/dimensions, the NSF Certification is the best way to ensure that you should not experience issues throughout its expected lifetime.

Selecting The Optimal Location For The Well

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Purchasing property in order to erect a home in an area that is not connected to the central water supply presents you with a unique problem: determining where the well should be drilled. Running water constitutes a commodity that you can’t do without or, at the very least, its absence will pose numerous issues in the long run.

Your property and water sources

Constructing the building in the proximity of the well is recommended. Otherwise, you will be faced with major investments in the pipeline infrastructure and high maintenance costs. But the question remains: how do you determine the top drilling location, one that provides access to a substantial water supply without employing the trial and error methodology? After all, randomly drilling wells is not only tremendously expensive, but also risky and damaging to the landscape. You might end up drilling several wells without actually reaching water.

What are your options?

As it happens, you have several options when it comes to making an educated decision on the ideal location of the water well:

• Hiring dowsers

Experts have yet to reach a consensus on whether or not there is scientific basis to the process of locating water supplies using wishbone-like branches (typically willow) and “reading” the vibrations through the stick. However, there have been several documented cases of success. If you don’t mind the lack of technical evidence that could explain why the tip of the stick is drawn downwards whenever a water supply is near, you can always hire a dowser.

• Investigating vegetation

As a rule of thumb, plants with broader leaves tend to prefer locations that are rich in underground water. If you notice that certain sections of your property contain an abundance of plant life featuring broad leaves, then it is safe to assume an underground spring runs in its proximity.

• Using the topographical specifications

Landscape depressions – typically a valley or a gap – constitute superior drilling locations compared to the spots with a higher altitude. When you drill on a hilltop, for example, you will have to go much deeper to tap into the water supply. The closer you are to ground level, the less drilling will be required, and the lower expenses you’ll have to dish out for the operation.

• Searching for potential water springs

There’s no better indicator that the ground is saturated with water than the presence of an aboveground spring. Furthermore, springs can also confer a general idea regarding the direction and source of the water flowing underneath your property. A sizable stream might even be harvested as-is, eliminating the need to drill.

• Conducting a geographical survey

Geographical surveys provide important clues regarding the underground water. A skilled geologist relies on various soil/rock formations to determine the probability of finding a water supply. For instance, the existence of stress-caused fractures in the bedrock could indicate a stream running underneath it, causing erosion.

Additional considerations

It’s advisable to drill the water well according to the local business codes, in order to avoid legal issues. Planning the positioning of the sewage/septic lines in such a way that they don’t intersect with the water feed ensures that your supply does not get contaminated in case corrosion and other factors affect the integrity of the pipelines.